Aluani, Tamara; Cristiano, Mattos; Brazil
The academic literature presents different theoretical biases that hold the curriculum concept’s polysemy, and there is an extensive international discussion about the concept of the curriculum. In Brazil, we’re confronting substantial imposed changes in government educational curricular construction guidelines that demand new ways to consider the Brazilian school curricula. In this project, we investigate what contradictions schools are facing due to the new governmental curricular demands. Our research is based on the Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT), taking human activity as the subject-object-community unit. This unit allows an understanding of how the activity is sustained by coordinating human actions. Our main research question is: What institutional contradictions demand and culminate in the need for Science curricular changes in an educational institution? To answer this question, we use a case study of a Science curricular restructuration to investigate the agents and how their actions are mediated. The unit of analysis is a school activity modeled as a complex structure composed of hierarchical and retrofeeded multilevel structure. As the unity of analysis is not closed in itself, we consider the school activity’s mediation with the educational hierarchical system’s higher activities. The objectives of the activity, its multivocality, its contradictions, its historicity, and how the activity expands are elements we investigated (ENGESTRÖM, 2001). This initial research phase’s preliminary results indicate the coordination lack among different actions leads to uncoordinated curricular goals. The contradictions emerged by these uncoordinated actions were overcome by collective actions organized with the inclusion of a new hierarchical level in the science school team. We are still identifying the school activity’s hierarchical structures to data collection, believing that we could understand and overcome the emerging contradictions in a Science curricular change situation.